hard soap and soft soap chemistry

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hard soap and soft soap chemistry





Cleaning Capacity of Soap with Hard and Soft Water ...

Apr 01, 2013·Cleaning Capacity of Soap with Hard and Soft Water. In chemistry, soap is a salt of a fatty acid. Soaps are mainly used as surfactants for washing, bathing, and cleaning, but they are …

Soaps: The Five Key Characteristics of the Best Soaps

The number one reason most folks use soap is to get clean, and though we usually don’t think of the chemistry behind this process, it’s an important factor in soap quality. A soap molecule is actually a …

What Is Soap Scum? - The Spruce

Similar to soap scum, limescale is a hard, off-white and chalky deposit that is typically found in kettles, hot water boilers, and hot water central heating systems. How Is Soap Scum Formed? Soap scum is formed into a solid substance when soap is being used in hard water. On a scientific level, soap …

Soaps - Engineering Chemistry Questions and Answers ...

Explanation: Soft soaps are the limitation of the hot process because of their greater solubility in water. When potassium hydroxide (KOH) is used, a soft soap is formed by the cold process. It cannot be used in hard …

Water Hardness - Department of Chemistry

What is "Hard Water"? Perhaps you have on occassion noticed mineral deposits on your cooking dishes, or rings of insoluble soap scum in your bathtub. These are not signs of poor housekeeping, but are rather signs of hard water from the municipal water supply. Hard water is water that contains cations with a charge of +2, especially Ca 2+ and Mg ...

Soapmaking Oil Chart – Lovin Soap Studio

Soap made from a high percentages of olive oil is soft upon un-molding but will cure to be a really hard bar of soap. Hard oils are oils, fats and butters that are solid but scoopable at room temperature such as palm oil, lard, tallow, coconut oil, mango butter and shea butter. Hard oils make a hard bar of soap.

Not so soft soap - Society of Chemical Industry

‘Milder soaps or soap-free washes with pH closer to that of the skin’s – 5.4 to 5.9 – are less likely to be irritating,’ she noted. Wong recommended using alcohol-based sanitiser instead of washing with soap…

Testing the hardness of water | Experiment | RSC Education

Class practical. Soap solution is used to measure the hardness of rain water, temporarily hard water and sea water.The effect of boiling the hard water samples is investigated.. Lesson organisation. This is a student practical, where a lot of the preparation work has been done beforehand.

How Saponification Makes Soap - ThoughtCo

Aug 02, 2018·Hard Soap: Hard soap is made using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or lye. Hard soaps are especially good cleansers in hard water that contains magnesium, chloride, and calcium ions. Soft Soap: Soft soap is made using potassium hydroxide (KOH) rather than sodium hydroxide. In addition to being softer, this type of soap has a lower melting point.

Water Hardness - Department of Chemistry

What is "Hard Water"? Perhaps you have on occassion noticed mineral deposits on your cooking dishes, or rings of insoluble soap scum in your bathtub. These are not signs of poor housekeeping, but are rather signs of hard water from the municipal water supply. Hard …

Difference between hard soap and soft soap chemically

May 21, 2011·Difference between hard soap and soft soap chemically April 2011 (2) February 2011 (6) January 2011 (1) 2010 (157) December 2010 (3) March 2010 (2) February 2010 (7) January 2010 (145) 2009 (176) December 2009 (150)

Cleaning Capacity of Soap with Hard and Soft Water ...

Apr 01, 2013·Cleaning Capacity of Soap with Hard and Soft Water. In chemistry, soap is a salt of a fatty acid. Soaps are mainly used as surfactants for washing, bathing, and cleaning, but they are …

Difference between Soap and Detergent - Is There Any?

New Zealand Institute of Chemistry: Soap and Detergent Manufacture ... My granddaughters love bubble bath (detergent) but it is so hard to get the bubbles to drain after the bath. I have found that washing your hands with a piece of soap …

Simple Science | Difference Between Soap and Detergent

Hard water is the enemy of soap. In hard water conditions soaps form scum. Soap scum affects more than just cleanliness; it can deteriorate fabrics and eventually ruin clothing or other surfaces. Conversely, detergents can work in any level of water hardness since they react less to the many minerals in hard …

Soaps - Engineering Chemistry Questions and Answers ...

Explanation: Soft soaps are the limitation of the hot process because of their greater solubility in water. When potassium hydroxide (KOH) is used, a soft soap is formed by the cold process. It cannot be used in hard …

Potassium soap—Soft or hard? | Journal of Chemical Education

This article is cited by 2 publications. Wayne C. Liao , Ching-Yi Lien . Facial Toner Preparation Using Distilled Fragrant Compounds of Natural Herbal Plants.

What Is Soap Scum? - The Spruce

Similar to soap scum, limescale is a hard, off-white and chalky deposit that is typically found in kettles, hot water boilers, and hot water central heating systems. How Is Soap Scum Formed? Soap scum is formed into a solid substance when soap is being used in hard water. On a scientific level, soap scum combines calcium and magnesium particles ...

About detergents - Royal Society of Chemistry

When a soap is used in hard water, a solid substance we call scum forms. This is because charged calcium and magnesium particles (called ions ) present in the water react with soap to form an …

Soap and Hard Water - soap realed effects of hard water ...

Apr 25, 2016·Soap and Hard Water. Soaps behave differently in hard water than soft and it’s not good behavior. Soaps in soft water are able to function as a cleaning agent whereas soaps in hard water are not. The same amount of soap in soft water will form more suds than it will in hard water. This is because hardness minerals react and combine with soap.

How to Make Handcrafted Soap Harder – Lovin Soap Studio

Castor oil – Castor oil is another oil that starts off soft and sticky in soap but cures to be hard. If your recipe is full of any other liquid oils such as rice bran, soybean, avocado, sunflower…etc., these will make a soft bar of soap. My typical mix of oils is something like this: Coconut oil – 34% (Hard) Olive oil – 34% (Hard ...

How to Make Olive Oil Soap and the Chemistry Behind It ...

Soap is one of those things in life that we cannot live without. From washing our hard working hands to cleaning up from some of life's greatest moments, soap has many uses. What most do not realize is that soap is actually a wonder of chemistry. Soap …

Soaps and Detergents - Chemistry LibreTexts

Sep 13, 2020·Soft potassium soaps were then converted to the harder sodium soaps by washing with salt solution. The importance of soap to human civilization is documented by history, but some problems associated with its use have been recognized. One of these is …

Chemistry: Hard and Soft Water Flashcards | Quizlet

2: Soap solution is added to it from a burette or pipette. 3: The mixture is swirled to help it form lather. 4: The volume of soap solution that needs to be added to form permanent lather is recorded. 5: The harder the water, the greater the volume of soap …

Hard And Soft water | Chemistry, Class 11, Hydrogen

May 03, 2020·Soap is sodium or potassium salt of certain higher fatty acids such as steric acid, palmitic acid ,oleic acid. when hard water is treated with soap solution, Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ ions present in hard water react with the anions of fatty acids present in soap to form scum or curdy white precipitate. As a result, hard water does not produce lather with soap immediately.