manufacturing of soap from phytolocca dedocandra pdf

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manufacturing of soap from phytolocca dedocandra pdf





Laboratory evaluation of Ethiopian local plant Phytolacca ...

Phytolacca dodecandra L’Hér. Family: Phytolaccaceae Genus: Phytolacca Species: dodecandra Other Name: The African soapberry Endod Discovery For thousands of years in Ethiopia, the berries of Endod plants have been used as laundry soap (hence the name soapberry) in streams that con-stitute the major source of drinking water for hu-

Phytolacca dodecandra - Useful Tropical Plants

Although the solutions of crushed fruits kill a range of aquatic life forms, including small fish, leeches, mosquito larvae, other stages of the bilharzia life-cycle (miracidia and cercariae), zebra mussels and tadpoles, the active ingredients are easily biodegradable …

P-ISSN: 2349-6800 Botanicals extracts for control of pea ...

(Phytolacca dodecandra) Neem seed (Azadirachta indica), dilutions 1. Introduction Pisum sativa L.) is the third most important pulse crop in Ethiopia, next to faba bean and chick pea in terms of both area coverage and total annual production. It is the source of food, feed and cash to the producers and also plays a significant role in soil ...

ARTICLE DISCOVERY

Phytolacca dodeccandra is an indigenous genetic resource which has many prospects on pharmaceutical and bio fertilizer industries, which shows the ability of the resources for access and benefit sharing. However, the study on valuation of Phytolacca dodecandra has not …

Patterns of phenotypic variation in endod (Phytolacca ...

The extent of morphological variability of endod (Phytolacca dodecandra) sampled from 17 localities in Ethiopia that varied from 1600 to 3000 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l) was investigated using 16 characters. Statistical analyses were performed using leaf hairiness and altitude as categorical variables.

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MOLLUSCICIDAL AND OTHER ECONOMIC POTENTIALS OF …

American pokeweed,Phytolacca americana. The young green leaves and shoots are edible protein sources after they are boiled and the water is dis-carded. An extract of saponin from P.dodecandra berries can be used as a molluscicide in the con-trol of schistosomiasis and other snail-borne dis-eases. The berries have long been used as soap for

Saponin-Based, Biological-Active Surfactants from Plants ...

Plants have the ability to synthesize almost unlimited number of substances. In many cases, these chemicals serve in plant defense mechanisms against microorganisms, insects, and herbivores. Generally, any part of the plant may contain the various active ingredients. Among the plant, active compounds are saponins, which are traditionally used as natural detergents.

NET9740 - jifpro.or.jp

(saponin) It, (soap) (ì*IÍIlf/Fffl), — & WE, ffülJ KATO, Atsushi : Components of Tropical Trees and their Utilization (3) Saponins 72 NO. 40 (1997) (molluscicide) U 3 70 2 k C T It, Phytolacca dodecandra C Dtcb, (WHO) C C 6, Phytolacca dodecandra, Swartzia madagascariensis, Tetrapleura tetraptera D 3 7 7 IJ 07 r l) (Sapotaceae) c Dtcb, No ...

Ecology and Management of the Woolly Whitefly (Hemiptera ...

During 2006–2007, eight treatments gave better control of woolly whitefly compared with the control: endod (Phytolacca dodecandra L’Herit) berry extract, white oil 80%, neem oil, omo detergent soap, band application of gasoline, cyhalothrin (karate) 5% EC, selecron (profenofos) 500 EC, and rimon (novaluron) 10 EC.

US3886272A - Saponin-containing spermatocidal compositions ...

Saponins of the type found in Phytolacca dodecandra and Calendula officinalis are found to have utility as spermatocides and as antiblastocyst and abortion agents, they manifesting such activity either when employed in extract form or in the form of compounds having the structure of those found in said extracts. They are of low mammalian toxicity and have evidenced no significant topical ...

WO2007008268A1 - Method and a composition based on quinoa ...

Extract from quino husk comprising partially hydrolyzed saponins and use thereof for the control of fresh water snails. The extraxt is obtained by alkaline or enzymatic hydrolysis of …

PRODUCTION METHODS AND COMPOSITION OF BUSHERA: …

Whole fresh leaves of a wild plant, Oluwoko (Phytolacca dodecandra), are also added at that point, however they are later removed. The grains are then covered with banana leaves or papyrus mats and left to germinate for two-four days. During germination, the sorghum

Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the saponins from ...

A conference paper on the medicinal plants of Africa.The dried berries of Endod, Phytolacca dodecandra L'Herit (Phytolaccaceae), are used in Ethiopia as a soap substitute. The molluscicidal properties of their constituents were discovered by Lemma in 1965 and this plant became rapidly of great importance for the local control of bilharzia or ...

ARTICLE DISCOVERY

Phytolacca dodeccandra is an indigenous genetic resource which has many prospects on pharmaceutical and bio fertilizer industries, which shows the ability of the resources for access and benefit sharing. However, the study on valuation of Phytolacca dodecandra has not …

Molecules | Free Full-Text | Chemical Composition and ...

The essential oil from Phytolacca dodecandra, a traditional herb of Ethiopia, has been studied, including the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity. The difference between four P. dodecandra samples (P-1–P-4), which differed in gender or location, has also been analyzed. The essential oils were obtained by steam distillation, while the aromas were extracted by head space solid ...

CONTROL OF SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI BY THE SOAPBERRY …

CONTROL OF SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI BY THE SOAPBERRY ENDOD (PHYTOLACCA DODECANDRA) IN WOLLO, NORTHEASTERN ETHIOPIA: POST-INTERVENTION PREVALENCE B. ERKO, F. ABEBE, N. BERHE, G. MEDHIN, T. GEBRE-MICHAEL, T. GEMETCHU and S. G. GUNDERSEN ABSTRACT Objectives: To record the effect of Endod soap and spraying of soaked …

Phytochemical Analysis and Assessment of Antibacterial and ...

May 03, 2019·From times immemorial, medicinal plants have been used to relieve and cure human diseases. Currently, the control of bacterial infections is becoming complex due to the concern of antibiotic resistance, which has been a significant global health problem. The aim of this work was to determine the phytochemical composition as well as to assess the bioactivities of <i>Phytolacca dodecandra…

Genetic Resources Transfer and Regulation Directorate, IBC

Endod is the Ethiopian vernacular name for the soap berry plant Phytolacca dodecandra. It is a member of the phytolaccaceae family and it is widely distributed in Africa, South America and Asia. It is an indigenous plant to Ethiopia (Azene Bekele, 2007). The plant is a climber with hanging branches. It may grow to a height of 10m though the average

Control of schistosomiasis (bilharzia) using berries from ...

Traditional soap Endod is the Ethiopian name of the soap-berry plant Phytolacca dodecandra. It occurs throughout Sub-Saharan Africa and parts of South America and Asia. The plant is a rapidly growing climber with hanging branches and an average height of 2-3 m. Under favorable climatic conditions it bears fruit twice a year.

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of ...

The essential oil from Phytolacca dodecandra, a traditional herb of Ethiopia, has been studied, including the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity. The difference between four P. dodecandra samples (P-1⁻P-4), which differed in gender or location, has also been analyzed.

MOLLUSCICIDAL AND OTHER ECONOMIC POTENTIALS OF …

American pokeweed,Phytolacca americana. The young green leaves and shoots are edible protein sources after they are boiled and the water is dis-carded. An extract of saponin from P.dodecandra berries can be used as a molluscicide in the con-trol of schistosomiasis and other snail-borne dis-eases. The berries have long been used as soap for

Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the saponins from ...

A conference paper on the medicinal plants of Africa.The dried berries of Endod, Phytolacca dodecandra L'Herit (Phytolaccaceae), are used in Ethiopia as a soap substitute. The molluscicidal properties of their constituents were discovered by Lemma in 1965 and this plant became rapidly of great importance for the local control of bilharzia or ...

Control of Schistosoma Mansoni by the Soapberry Endod ...

Objectives: To record the effect of Endod soap and spraying of soaked Endod suspension on the prevalence of human schistosomiasis. Design: A cross-sectional epidemiological study in which pre- and post-intervention parasitological results were compared. Setting: Kemise, Bati and Harbu towns in northeastern Ethiopia. Subjects: The study subjects included all members of the five per cent ...